The Art of Caricaturing: A Series of Lessons Covering All Branches of the Art of Caricaturing
The Art of Caricaturing: A Series of Lessons Covering All Branches of the Art of Caricaturing by Mitchell Smith is considered by some to be the absolute bible of caricaturing. He provides numerous examples and step by step instructions so you too can be a caricaturist!
Here is a small bit on how to draw the face and the head to get you started:
“The Face and Head
The head is not so difficult to learn to draw, but to learn to draw it well requires diligent study and practice. It may not seem reasonable to the beginner when told that it is much easier to learn to draw the head well, than it is to draw hands well. Although the features of the head and face are exaggerated in cartoons, in life they follow closely definite proportions. These proportions are as follows: The eyes are about midway between the top of the head and the bottom of the chin; the nose is as long as the distance from the nose to the bottom of the chin, and the mouth is one third of the distance from the end of the nose to the bottom of the chin; the top of the ears are about on a line with the eyebrows, and the bottoms on a line with the end of the nose.
To draw a front view cartoon of the head, draw a perpendicular line for the center of the face, as B, Kg. 1, Plate 2. This line will be equidistant from the eyes and split the nose and mouth in two equal parts. Near the center of this line draw a horizontal line, as FF, Fig. 1. Next draw line EE for the brows and the top of the ears, and GG as a guide for the bottom of the ears and end of nose. Lines A and C, Fig. 1 are drawn equidistant from, and parallel to, line B. These are all the lines necessary in drawing a cartoon, but in drawing a caricature of a definite face it is better to make guide lines for the top of the head and bottom of chin in the proportions outlined in the preceding paragraph. The next step is to place the features with a pencil, beginning with the eyes; brows, second; nose, third; mouth, fourth; ears, fifth; and finish by drawing hair, chin, etc. There are many ways of drawing the features in a cartoon, which vary with the different expressions.”BUY this BOOK